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人教版新目标八年级下全册写作指导

[04-20 00:21:16]   来源:http://www.xiaoshuxia.com  优秀作文   阅读:90
概要:be, use to do …, in college, take the train to school, fly rockets to the moon, fall in love with, look smart, win awards, work for myself, come true, help with, the same as.重点句型:--Will there be less\fewer pollution? --Yes, there will.Kids will study at home on computers.In ten years, I think I will be a reporter.I might even keep a pet parrot.I will be able to dress casually.What will teenagers do for fun twenty years from now.The head of one of the biggest movie companies in the US predicted that no one would want to see actors talk.He thinks that it will be difficult for a robot to do the same things as a person.There are already ro
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  人教版新目标八年级下全册写作指导
  
  Unit 1 Will people have robots?
  
  一、 单元分析
  
  本单元主要学习“发表意见opinions”并作“预告Make predictions”。通过一般将来时态的学习,学会对未来进行预测,学会will 构成的一般将来时态的陈述句、否定句、疑问句及回答。通过时间对比复习一般过去时态、一般现在时态,巩固一般将来时。另外还涉及There be 句型的一般将来时;more, fewer, less几个词表示将来和现在的对比。
  
  重点词汇:on paper \on computers,  in the future, live to be, use to do …, in college, take the train to school, fly rockets to the moon, fall in love with, look smart, win awards, work for myself, come true, help with, the same as.
  
  重点句型:--Will there be less\fewer pollution?  --Yes, there will.
  
  Kids will study at home on computers.
  
  In ten years, I think I will be a reporter.
  
  I might even keep a pet parrot.
  
  I will be able to dress casually.
  
  What will teenagers do for fun twenty years from now.
  
  The head of one of the biggest movie companies in the US predicted that no one would want to see actors talk.
  
  He thinks that it will be difficult for a robot to do the same things as a person.
  
  There are already robots working in factories.
  
  Some …, others …
  
  二。 教师指导
  
  a. 本单元的写作指导:
  
  本单元主要是运用由will构成的一般将来时态,表示人们对于未来的设想与预测。通过对未来的设想,可以让我们对未来充满期待,也可以让我们体会并明白“只有今天的付出,才能有明天的收获”这样深刻的道理,也有利于一般将来时的掌握与运用。那么现在让我们来一同回顾一下一般将来时的基本用法:一般将来时由“助动词will + 动词原形”构成,表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常发生或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如:tomorrow, next month, in 10 years, in the future等。
  
  肯定句由“will + 动词原形”构成,例如:I will tell you the story tomorrow.
  
  否定句由“will + not + 动词原形”构成,例如:I won’t help you do your homework.
  
  疑问句由“will + 主语 + 动词原形”构成,例如:Will you please open the door?
  
  另外,本单元还学习了there be句型的一般将来时形式there will be,例如:There will be fewer people in the future.
  
  b.常用句型:
  
  ①I will have a good job.               ② Kids won’t go to school.
  
  ③ There will be less free time.          ④ As a reporter, I think …
  
  ⑤ I will be a …               ⑥ I believe …                  ⑦ I want to …
  
  c. 本单元语法指导:
  
  一般将来 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/44092.htm>时(The Simple Future tense)
  
  (1)一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的发生动作或状态, 或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态。一般将来时由助动词 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/78719.htm> shall(第一人称 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/548433.htm>)\will(第二、三人称)\be going to+动词原形构成。
  
  (2)基本句型
  
  肯定句:I/We shall/will go. You/He/She/They will go.
  
  否定句 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/312417.htm>:I/We shall/will not go. You/He/She/They will not go.
  
  疑问句 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/46365.htm>:Shall I/we go? Will you/he/she/they go?
  
  简略回答:(肯)Yes,主语 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/1209.htm> shall/will  (否) No,主语 shall/will not
  
  特殊疑问句 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/1373088.htm>:一般将来时的特殊疑问句是将疑问词放在句首,后接一般疑问句 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/935953.htm>(就主语提问时,以疑问词who开头的疑问词除外)
  
  will 常简略为 'll,并与主语连写在一起,如:I'll,he'll,it'll,we'll,you'll,they'll。 一般疑问句如用will you…?其简略答语须是Yes,I will或 No,I won't;如用 Shall I…?(较少见)其简略答语须是 Yes,I shall.或 No, I shall not.
  
  (3)表达方法
  
  一般将来时常常与表示将来的时间状语连用。常用的表达形式共有四种,现归纳如下:
  
  a.用will或shall表示
  
  “助动词will或shall+动词原形”这一形式,表示将来发生的事情,用于征求对方的意见或表示客气的邀请。在口语中will用于所有人称,书面语中第一人称常用shall(其实will也可以用到)。
  
  b.用be going to结构表示
  
  “be going to+动词原形”用来表示近期或事先考虑过的将要发生的动作以及已有迹象表明必将发生某事,意为“打算;就要”。
  
  c用现在进行时表示
  
  表示位置转移的动词 <http://baike.baidu.com/view/26589.htm>(如:go, come, leave, start, arrive等),可用现在进行时表示将来时。根据规定或时间表预计要发生的动作,在时间和条件状语从句中,都可用一般现在时表示将来时。

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